What is a Veteran’s Administration (VA) Mortgage Loan?

Veteran’s Administration (VA) loans are available to members of the armed forces, veterans, and their spouses. Loans are made for up to 100 percent of the home’s value. The home must be the borrower’s primary residence. Loans may be assumable. The veterans must have served 180 days in peacetime or 90 days in wartime, including recent Gulf and Iraq wars.

For more information about VA loan eligibility, see http://www.valoans.com/va_article?id=319.

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Risk tolerance and investments of business owners

 

Wong, C. & Hanna, S.D. (2007). The risk tolerance and stock ownership of business owning households. Financial Counseling and Planning, 18(2), 3-18.

Brief Description: This study examined the risk tolerance and stock ownership of three types of households: non-business owners, those that own and manage a business, and those that own but do not manage a business. Non-manager business owners were more likely than others to take risks and hold stocks, and manager owners were significantly less likely to …

Couples’ money management behavior and relationship satisfaction

 

Britt, S., Grable, J.E., Nelson, B.S., & White, M. (2008). The influence of perceived spending behaviors on relationship satisfaction. Financial Counseling and Planning, 19(1), 31-43.

Brief Description: This study explored relationships between couples’ personal and joint spending habits and relationship satisfaction. Results indicated that partner spending behaviors, but not one’s own or joint spending behaviors, influence relationship satisfaction. Other factors associated with relationship satisfaction were high self-esteem (positive relationship) and financial stressors such as medical bills (negative relationship).

Implications:

Changes in Debt and Change in Marital Satisfaction

 

Dew, J. (2007). The relationship between debt change and marital satisfaction change in recently married couples. Family Relations, 57 (1), 60-71.

Brief Description: Recently married couples report debt as one of their top concerns. This study assesses how changes in consumer debt (e.g., credit card debt) relate to changes in marital satisfaction. Consumer debt assumption is associated with recently married couples’ cutting back on spending time together and arguing about money more frequently. These changes predict declines in marital satisfaction. …

The gendered meanings of assets for divorce

 

Dew, J. (2009). The gendered meanings of assets for divorce. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 30(1), 20-31.

Brief Description: Although scholars have known for decades that financial assets relate to a lower likelihood of divorce, no one has explained why. This study finds that wives’ characteristics completely drove the relationship between assets and divorce. Assets helped wives be more satisfied with their marriage and, thus, less likely to divorce. Assets also decreased the attractiveness of divorce, because wives …

Asset ownership by black and white families

 

DeVaney, S. A., Anong, S. T. & Yang, Y. (2007). Asset ownership by black and white families. Financial Counseling and Planning, 18(1), 33-45.

Brief Description: The study explored differences in ownership of homes, investment accounts, and retirement accounts by Black and White families. Greater education, income, and contact with financial institutions increased asset ownership for both groups. White families who saved regularly were more likely to own a home and to have investment and retirement accounts. Denial of credit …

Mortgage Professionals’ Perspectives on Abusive and Predatory Lending

 

Delgadillo, L. Erickson, L.V. & Piercy K.W. (2008). Disentangling the differences between abusive and predatory lending: Professionals’ perspectives. The Journal of Consumer Affairs 42 (3), 313-334.

Brief Description: This study describes how mortgage professionals differentiate abusive from predatory lending. The results indicate that some users of this term do not always adhere to a strict definition of predatory lending, but rather use it as a term for any general mortgage abuse and mortgage fraud. Existing laws at the federal and …

Consumer Empowerment and Welfare with Respect to Mortgage Servicers

 

Bone, P. F. (2008). Toward a general model of consumer empowerment and welfare in financial markets with an application to mortgage servicers. The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 42 (2), 165-188.

Brief Summary: Mortgage servicers, firms that collect and distribute homeowners’ mortgage interest, principal, and escrowed taxes and insurance, are prone to mistakes and may engage in predatory practices that negatively affect consumer welfare. Using this industry as a case study, this paper develops a general model of consumer empowerment and …

Housing Costs and Economic Hardship for Low-Income Families

 

Mimura, Y. (2008). Housing cost burden, poverty status, and economic hardship among low-income families. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 29(1), 152-165.

Brief Description: Poverty status better explains the economic hardship of low-income families than does the housing cost burden. However, poverty status explains the economic hardship of White and Black low-income families with children differently. It appears that poverty status can explain variation in hardship among White families better than among Black families. This presents further economic disadvantage …

Identifying Weaknesses in Practitioners’ Housing Affordability Indices

 

Jewkes, M. D. & Delgadillo, L. M. (2010). Weaknesses of housing affordability indices used by practitioners. Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning Education, 21 (1), pp. 43-52.

Brief Description:  Three housing affordability indices are commonly used to assess one’s ability to qualify for mortgages and for housing programs. Strengths and weaknesses are presented. Weaknesses include use of gross income instead of take-home pay, and no consideration of household size or preferences. The affordability ratio, paying 30 percent of one’s income …